Slow Loris Workshop
Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam
1st & 2nd August 2015
Title: Assessing the present status of Pygmy loris conservation (Nycticebus pygmaeus) in South Vietnam.
(Population estimates, law enforcement, the illegal trade and rescue centre management).
Background: The pygmy slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus is 1 of 8 species currently recognised within the genus Nycticebus (Groves 1998,Ravosa 1998, Roos 2004, Brandon-Jones et al. 2004,Chen et al. 2006, Nekaris & Bearder 2011, Munds et al. 2013) and is found east of the Mekong River in Vietnam, eastern Cambodia, Laos and southern most China (Fooden 1996). The species occurs in primary forest, secondary forest, bamboo forest, degraded habitats (Ratajszczak 1998, Polet& Ling 2004, Starr 2011) and even on plantations (Nekaris et al. 2009).
Systematic estimates of population densities of pygmy lorises have only become available in the last 10 yr. (Nekaris& Jayewardene 2004, Coudrat et al.2011, Starr et al. 2011). Surveys in 2007 and early 2008 in 3 major nature reserves in Mondulkiri Province, Cambodia, found mean encounter rates of 0.40 animals km−1 in Seima Protection Forest and 0.10 animals km−1 in Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary, but no animals were observed in Mondulkiri Protected Forest. In north-east Cambodian forests encounter rates of 0.55 and 0.29 animals km−1 (Rawson et al, 2013) have been related in areas where interviews have confirmed high levels of loris hunting. The situation in Laos appears slightly better (Duckworth 1994), and in some areas lorises are the second most common species sighted in night surveys (W. Duckworth pers. comm., U. Streicher pers. comm.). Sightings in Vietnam, however, are very scarce (Vu Ngoc Thanh 2002, Fitch- Snyder & Vu Ngoc Thanh 2002, Haus et al. 2009). Surveys in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam report 0.19 animals km-1 (Kenyon et al. 2014), The Red Data Book of Vietnam and the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species (IUCN 2013) list the pygmy loris as ‘Vulnerable’, which means that this species is believed to have undergone a decline of >30% over the last 3 generations (24 yr given a generation length of 8 yr), due primarily to hunting, but also as a result of habitat loss. This species may warrant listing in a higher category of threat if it is subsequently shown that the rate of decline is actually on the order of 50%. Alarming numbers of lorises have been reported in the pet trade across Asia (Nekaris& Jaffe 2007, Nekaris&Nijman 2007, Starr et al. 2010). In Vietnam, lorises have been known to be hunted and traded for medicinal purposes or to supply pets; minorities (MacKinnon & Mackinnon 1987, Huy Huynh 1998, Vu Ngoc Thanh 2002). To understand the present situation in South Vietnam is vital if this species is going to be stopped from further decline; from wild population protection, understanding the drivers of the trade and management of confiscated individuals.
Aims: Gathering delegates from all disciplines (surveys, protection, law, trade, rescue centre managers and slow loris specialist scientists) to discuss the present situation on pygmy loris conservation in South Vietnam. Co-organiser: EAST and Cat Tien National Park, Viet Nam.
Duration: August, 01 – 02, 2015
Location: Cat Tien National park, Tan Phu district, Dongnai Province.
Saturday 1st August 2015
REGISTRATION – 7.00-8.00
|Slow loris surveys in South Vietnam||Chair: Nguyen Van Thanh
Vice Director CTNP
|8.00 -8.30||Welcome speech and introduction||Alison Cronin|
|8.30 -8.45||Introduction to Cat Tien National Park and primate conservation||Bach Thanh Hai|
|8.45 -9.00||Slow (pygmy) loris surveys in Cat Tien National Park||Nguyen Van Thuan|
|9.05 -9.20||Slow loris surveys in Bu Gia Map||Vuong Duc Hoa|
|9.40 -10.00 Coffee break|
|10.00-10.15||Slow loris surveys in South Vietnam||Trang Van Bang|
|Slow loris surveys in Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve||Nguyen Hoang Hao|
|10.40 - 11.00||Discussion|
|11.00 – 13.00 Lunch|
|Forest Protection - Confiscations||Chair: Nguyen Van Dien Director Cat Tien National Park|
|13.00 – 13.45||Forest Protection – Confiscations||Nguyen Manh Hiep|
|13.50 – 14.05||Loris genetics conservation in Vietnam||Cao Thi Huong Giang & Mary Blair|
|14.10 – 14.25||CITES||Thai Truyen|
|14.30 - 14.55||Discussion|
|15.00 – 15.30 Coffee Break|
|Forest Protection – Illegal Trade||Chair: Nguyen Manh Hiep VNFOREST|
|15.30 – 15.45||Illegal trade of Slow loris in Vietnam||ENV Bui Thi Ha|
|15.50 - 16.05||The illegal trade of slow loris in Indonesia||Anna Nekaris|
|Experiences of the illegal trade in slow loris from Monkey World Ape-Rescue UK||Alison Cronin|
|16.10 - 17.00||Discussion|
|18.30 - 21.00 Evening Party Dipterocarpus canteen|
Sunday 2nd August 2015
|Rescue Centres and Reintroduction||Chair: Phan Viet Lam – Director Saigon Zoo|
|8.00 – 8.15||Pygmy loris reintroduction Dong Nai||Marina Kenyon- Dao Tien|
|8.20 -8.35||Pygmy loris reintroduction Cuc Phoung||Stephanie Poindexter|
|9.20-9.45 Coffee break|
|Golden-cheeked gibbon rehabilitation and release||Chair: Kurtis Pei- Pingtung|
|9.45-10.00||Gibbon rescue and rehabilitation||Marina Kenyon|
|10.05-10.20||Gibbon release||Marina Kenyon|
|11.00-14.00 Final lunch and thank you for attending
Yellow bamboo canteen
|Summary of discussions here|